Are you looking for your dream job as a Windows Server Administrator? I have no doubt about your windows server administration skills but most of the time people with good experience and high skill also fail to pass the interview for Windows Server Administrator because of the kind of windows server interview questions asked by the interviewers.
In this article, I would discuss with you some of the most commonly asked windows interview questions by the interviewer for Windows Server Administrator positions. The windows admin interview questions asked range from the simple to the complex ones. Here are some of the most common windows server administrator interview questions you should prepare to do well in the interview.
Windows Server Interview Questions and Answers
In the context of the Registry, how do you define “tattooing”?
“Tattooing” the registry suggests that customers can change and view the preference of the customers that are not placed away in the preserved prescribed Registry portions. Irrespective of the assembly approach is evacuated or changed, the preference of the client will currently be kept in the registry.
What is an Active Directory?
Active Directory is an organization of the inventory in a library to gather objects such as computers, customer profiles, etc. It effectively controls the framework through Domain Controllers that are available at many zones with the database of the Active Directory.
A section of the limits fuse dynamic association with numerous land zones, check of computers and customers in the space offered by windows, using the Domain Controller to copy Active Directory. In accumulation to that these lines will be returned to every Domain Controllers.
Distinguish between a computer process and a thread.
In computing, a process is a computer program case that is performed repeatedly by a computer, that can run numerous programs on a computer at the same time.
A thread comprises the many executable programs that collaborate as a solitary process. For instance, a thread might send a notification error to the customer; an alternative might contract with the signals of error although the third thread may perform the primary action.
What do you know about authorizing DHCP Servers in Active Directory?
In case, a DHCP server is to function in an Active Directory domain (and the domain controller is not used to running it) it should first be approved to Active directory.
What Is Group Policy?
Group Policy is a Microsoft Windows NT feature that is also a family of OS that manages the work setting of computer accounts and user accounts. Group Policy offers the central configuration management of OS, users’ settings, and applications in an Active Directory setting.
Following are some of the roles of FSMO:
- Infrastructure Master
- Schema Master
- RID Master
- Domain Naming Master
The rational units of any organization of Active Directory are usually called tree, domain, and forest. Various articles in the procedure of a rational section join accompanying: customers, computers, devices, etc. that share an analogous active database registry that is normally known as a “domain”.
A tree is an assortment of domains in the Active Directory that starts at one root and branches out into child domains, peripheral. This might similarly comprise an adjoining namespace linked in a transitive order.
The domains collection is often known as “forest” that shares general logical structure, inventory, registry pattern, and registry setup. It typifies the limits of security for groups, clients, and devices for example computers.
What is Group Policy Objects (GPO) and list different kinds of GPO?
The setting that controls the client records the workplace, and also computer records, are called Group Policy Object (GPO). This helps in describing the programming establishment, security alternatives, upkeep choices and library-based arrangements, folder redirection choices, and content choices. There are usually 2 categories of GPO:
Local GPO: These are put away on close devices.
Nonlocal GPO: These are available on Active Directory and are put away on a domain controller.
Can we link third-party Directory service to an Active Directory?
Yes, why not, it is possible to link third-party directory services to Active Directory by using different versions of Microsoft. dirXML or LDAP can be used to link Active Directory to other retailers.
What commands you will use to check TCP/IP configurations?
The 2 most often used check TCP/IP configurations commands are:
Ipconfig: To check the IP setup of the computer, we can use the command Ipconfig and additionally it can be very well applied to reestablish the IP address of the users if it is specified by a DHCP server.
Ping: To check the link between the computer in use and the other computers, we can use the Ping command.
What do you know about working of IntelliMirror?
IntelliMirror supports to settle settings of desktop, stored files, and applications for users especially the one who move among workstations and works offline.
How you can install an app MSI file when the is not available?
What is the domain controller’s basic function?
The domain controller function is to verify customers to many networks and bring a set of objects that involved the Active Directory.
What is the goal of installing local DNS servers?
A local DNS server offers the local mapping of fully competent domains to IP addresses. To resolve requests concerning the domains on the network, local DNS servers can offer record data to distant DNS servers.
Windows Server Interview Questions are obvious work for those who are trying to get a competitive job in a well-reputed company.
What’s new in Windows Server 2019?
It is the latest Windows server version that uses the shortened LTSC or long-term servicing channel. Some of the most dominant features of the new windows server 2019 are:
- Support for Kubernetes
- Storage Space Direct
- Storage Replica
- Improved Windows Defender
- Windows Subsystem for Linux
- Other GUI new features from Win10 version 1809
- Storage Migration Service
- System Insights
What is Windows Server’s default user interface?
Windows PowerShell is said to be the default user interface and command-Line Shell made by Microsoft. The main goal of PowerShell is to systematize administrative tasks that work both remote and local windows machines. .NET Framework is used to build PowerShell.
What is INODE?
The file’s metadata is kept by INODE holds; INODE is said to be a unique pointer to a disk block. You can also say that it is a unique number owed to a file in a UNIX-like Operating system.
Explain what is RAID in Windows Server?
For storing the same data at a different place RAID or Redundant Array of Independent Disks strategy is used. It is a strategy for building fault tolerance and increasing storage capacity. On separate drives it allows you to combine one or more volumes so that they are accessed by a single drive letter
What Are the System Administrator Roles?
The System Administrator role varies in the organization. The 2 key System Admin tasks are Supporting, Installing, and maintaining computers & servers.
- Install patches & OS Updates
- Access user’s administration
- Creating and Restoring system backups
- Access control
- Review system logs access administration
- Planning Disaster recovery
- Comply with password needs
- System audit logging
Can you name Different Version of Windows Server?
The version of windows servers till now are:
- Windows Server 2003 (2003)
- Windows Server 2003 R2 (2005)
- Windows Server 2008 (2008)
- Windows Server 2008 R2 (2009)
- Windows Server 2012 (2012)
- Windows Server 2012 R2 (2013)
- Windows Server 2016 (2016)
What is the global catalog?
The Global Catalog is a kind of database that comprises all of the data relating to objects in Active Directory environment domains.
Explain the difference between local, universal and global groups?
Domain local groups allocate access approvals to international groups of domains for local resources of the domain. Global groups offer access to other trusted domains’ resources. The Universal groups grant access to all trusted domains resources.
In the windows server interview questions and answers guide, you will be asked the difference of all other similar things to confuse you. So, you have to be confident about what you know about them and clearly explain the difference in a single sentence if you can. Otherwise, explain as much as you can but you have to clarify both of them.
Can Active Directory Partitions Be Restored?
We can authoritatively restore the objects from the domain and configuration partition. Authoritative restores of schema-naming are not supported here.
Configuration Partition– it is a partition that stores all the data of Active Directory. The data comprises site-link, Site, subnet, etc. This partition copies all domain controllers that are available in the Forest.
Application Partition– it stores the information of applications in Active Directory. For examples DomainDNSZones and ForestDNSZones.
Schema Partition–It stores all the information of the objects and their qualities; it copies to other domain controllers in the Forest
Domain Partitions– it stores the domain information that includes a computer, user, printer, group, etc. It also copies to all domain controllers in the domain.
What is a Proxy Server?
It is a computer that is actually a doorway between a local network (such as all computers in one organization or in a building) and a larger-scale system such as the Internet. Proxy servers offer increased security and performance. In most cases, they monitor employees using outside resources.
What is WINS server?
Windows Internet Name Service (WINS) servers map the IP addresses to NetBIOS names. This lets employers access resources by name of the computer rather than the IP address. To keep a check on the IP addresses and names of other computers network, this computer can be configured as a WINS server.
We may not able to connect to a remote network through its NetBIOS name, in case you are not using WINS in a network,
Define Dora Procedure & its usage.
Discover, request, Offer, and acknowledgment. it is used to automatically allocate an IP address to the systems of the client.
In which order the GPOs are applied?
We can apply the GPO in order of
- Local Group Policy object site,
- Domain and
- organizational units.
Can you state a few benefits of GPMC?
One of the major benefits of GPMC is its easy management of all GPOs diagonally the whole Active Directory Forest View of GPOs in one list. We can do the GPOs backup and restore, Immigration of GPOs across many forests and domains.
Explain the difference between firewall and antivirus?
Both firewall and antivirus are security tools designed to save your system. A firewall is a low-level network security system. It is designed to protect your system and network. It covers both public and private networks from security warnings.
On the other hand, antivirus is a software program designed to protect your system from hackers, viruses, spyware, etc.
How you will do the backup for Group policy?
- For back up, one single GPO, right-click the GPO and then click Back Up.
- For backup, all GPOs in the domain, right-click Group Policy Objects and click Back Up All.
What is the group nesting?
When we add one group as an element of another group is known as ‘group nesting’. It also helps in easy management and reduced traffic replication.
What is Domain control?
A domain controller is a server that manages the security requests from other servers and computers in the Windows Server domain. There are two kinds of domain controllers that is a backup domain controller and a primary domain controller. The primary domain controller emphasis on services of the domain to avoid the system possibility of a crash or slowing down because of the overtasking from handling other security requests and functionality.
If the primary domain controller goes down, a backup domain controller is promoted and becomes the primary domain controller to preserve the server systems working appropriately. While preparing Windows server interview questions and answers, you have to apply for the post of windows administrator in different companies they will call you for an interview and you will get the ideas of what type of questions they ask.
What is the tree?
A tree is actually a collection of domains in the Active Directory that starts at one root and branches out into child domains, peripheral. This can similarly comprise an adjoining namespace linked in a transitive order. An Active Directory forest is an assortment of Active Directory trees, just like a real-world forest.
Explain where is the AD database held?
AD database is saved in %systemroot%/ntds. Files that control the AD structure are
Define the term Hyper-v?
Hyper-V is Microsoft’s virtualization tool. It is used to create different multiple virtual machines on a single physical server. It also minimizes the cost of hardware and increases efficiency.
APIPA stands for Automatic Private IP Addressing. APIPA is a DHCP failover mechanism for the local web. DHCP clients can obtain IP addresses with APIPA when DHCP servers are non-functional. APIPA exists in all new versions of Windows except Windows NT. When a DHCP server fails, APIPA assigns IP addresses in the private range 169.254.0.1 to 169.254.255.254.
Explain what the Bit Locker is?
Bit-Locker is an encryption security feature available that will encrypt everything on the drive that Windows is installed upon. Right-click and choose Turn on BitLocker from the context menu to encrypt a whole drive.
Define what is SYSVOL folder?
SYSVOL is a set of folders and files that is stored on the local hard disk of each domain controller in a domain and are duplicated by the FRS (File Replication Service). These files include group or user policy information or data.
Write down the multiple roles in Windows Server?
Following are the multiple roles in Windows Server:
- Active Directory Certificate Services
- Active Directory Domain Services
- DHCP Server
- DNS Server
- FAX Server
- Web Server
- File and Storage Services
- Print and Document Services
- Network Policy and Access Services
- Remote Access
- Remote Desktop Services
- Volume Activation Services
- Windows Deployment Services
- Windows Server Update Services
Explain what server manager is?
Server Manager is a management console (workstation used to monitor and control a network locally or remotely) in Windows Server. It helps I.T. experts provision and maintain both local and remote Windows-based servers from their desktops without requiring physical access to servers or enabling Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) connections to each server.
What is Trust Relationship?
Trust relationship allows access between two domains. A trust relationship between two domains allows user accounts and global groups to be used in a domain other than where the accounts are defined.
What is the Windows DNS server’s primary, Secondary, and Stub zone?
In Windows DNS server:
Primary Zone: The file is saved as a standard text file with filename (.dns) in the Primary Zone.
Secondary Zone maintains a read-only copy of the zone database on another DNS server. Also, it acts as a backup server to the primary server by giving fault tolerance and load balancing.
Stub Zone includes the server copy, and S.O.A. (Start of Authority) records used to minimize the DNS search orders.
How many types of queries does DNS have?
There are two types of queries DNS have:
- Iterative Query
- Recursive Query
What is meant by LDAP?
The directory services are like a database for storing computers, users, objects, etc., which supports adding, removing, and updating computer objects in the directory. Use the internet protocol if you also want to search for information from the server, email, and another program. This protocol is called LDAP or Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. Prepare your windows server interview questions and try to get a junior-level position and try to get hands-on experience for the great experience and a job in a well-reputed company.
Windows PowerShell is Command-Line Shell developed by Microsoft. The main goal of PowerShell is to run administrative tasks which work on both local and remote Windows machines. PowerShell is built on the .net framework.
What is WDS, and how does it work?
A WDS expands a wireless network through different access points. A wireless base station attaches to the Internet. It has wired and wireless clients and sends its wireless signal to an access point that functions as a wireless repeater.
Define Schema in windows server administration?
Schema is a master database that includes all the data about the object in Active Directory.
How many types of Active Directory Partition?
Following are the four types of Active Directory Partition:
- Application partition
Can we restore a backup of the domain controller to another/different domain controller?
No, we cannot restore a backup of the domain controller to another/different domain controller. It should be restored on the same domain controller.
What is the significant difference between NTFS and FAT on a local server?
FAT (File Allocation Table) and FAT32 provide security for local users, while NTFS (New Technology File System) gives protection for domain users and local users. NTFS gives file-level security, which is not possible through FAT32.
This article contains a fine collection of windows server interview questions and answers. You can get help from these server administrator interview questions provided in this article to prepare for your interview.
You can also share with us some interview server questions and answers that you have been asked by the interviewer, in the comments section.