What Does .COM Mean | All Popular Domain Suffixes Explained

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If you are running any website, you surely know how important a domain name and its extension is for your online business brand. But if you are a beginner and want to build your own website with the proper domain name and reliable hosting then this article is equally important for you. Did you know every domain name is based on different elements? In this article, you will learn what is a TLD (Top-Level-Domain), what does .com mean and a list of popular TLDs. 

Domain suffix or Top-Level-Domain (also known as domain extension) is the last segment of your domain name located after the last dot. There are more than 1200 TLDs but .com is the most popular extension. Let’s understand the basic knowledge of all popular top domain extensions. 

Popular Domain Suffixes

Domain SuffixMeaning
.comCommercial
.netNetwork
.orgOrganization
.eduEducational
.bizBusiness
.govGovernment
.milMilitary
.infoInformation source
.namePersonal Name
.mePersonal Websites
.tvTelevision Station
.usUnited States 
.mobiDesigned for Mobile Phones

What Does .COM Mean?

Type: gTLD 

Country: International 

Implementation Date: 1985

Managing Authority: Verisign

Registry Provider: Verisign

The first .com domain was claimed on March 15, 1985, by symbolics – a computer manufacturer company. The internet was a project managed by computer scientists and universities for research and communication purposes but when people began to use the network the electronic communication became challenging. It was nearly impossible to manually route messages through gateways, so the Jon Postel and his colleagues at the University Of Southern California’s Information Sciences Institute (USCIS) bring the order to the chaotic universe.  

Postel was the editor of RFC (Request For Comment) and shaped the internet with the help of his colleagues. RFC 920 “domain requirements in the ARPA-Internet and the DARPA research community” was published in October 1984 headed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) and the internet society, setting the stage for the birth of .com TLD. 

.com TLD is the most common domain suffix in the Domain Name System of the Internet. It stands for “Commercial” that indicates its original intended purpose for domains registered by commercial organizations. However, anyone who wants to register any .com domain either he is going to run a commercial (business) website or personal use he can register a name ending with .com. Because of its popularity, most people try to register their all domains with .com domain suffix but they don’t know what does .com mean and its purpose in the internet world.  

There is no doubt .com is the most popular domain suffix, .net, .org, .info and .edu are also popular. The .com TLD was originally administered by the United States Department of Defense, but is nowadays operated by Verisign and registrations are processed via registrars accredited by ICANN. The domain was one of the original TLDs in the Internet when the DNS (Domain Name System) was implemented in January 1985.

What Does .net Mean?

Type: gTLD 

Country: International 

Implementation Date: 1985

Managing Authority: Verisign

Registry Provider: Verisign

.net (derived from the word network) is one of the original TLD implemented in January 1985 has become the most popular TLD. It is the generic top-level-domain in the domain name system of the internet that has been working with full operational stability and accuracy for more than 15 years by the Verisign. As the name indicates, it is used by the organizations involved in networking technologies including ISPs (Internet Service Providers) and other infrastructure companies.  

What Does .org Mean?

Type: gTLD 

Country: International 

Implementation Date: 1985

Managing Authority: PIR

Registry Provider: Afilias

.org (stands for “organization”) is the generic top-level-domain used by nonprofit organizations such as NGOs, educational, charities and other open-source projects. It was also established in 1985 to represent the organizations that didn’t match the intent of other domain names: not an educational institute, not the government, not military, not commercial and not in networking. The restriction of .org exclusively for nonprofit organizations is removed in August 2019, so anyone can register .org domain for the purposes other than nonprofit.  

What Does .edu Mean?

Type: sponsored top level domain (sTLD)

Country: United States

Implementation Date: 1985

Managing Authority: EDUCAUSE

Registry Provider: Verisign

It is also the original top-level-domain name that was established in 1985 and implemented in the root zone of DNS (Domain Name System) for educational institutions. It is operated by the EDUCAUSE which is a non-profit association dedicated to promoting the intelligent use of IT (Information Technology) to enhance higher education.  

What Does .biz Mean?

Type: gTLD 

Country: International 

Implementation Date: 2001

Managing Authority: Neustar

Registry Provider: Neustar

.biz is gTLD (generic Top-Level-Domain) in the DNS of the internet intended to be used by the businesses. It is the phonetic spelling of the first syllable of business and created to relieve some of the demand of .com TLDs to provide an alternative for those whose .com domain is already registered. 

What Does .gov Mean?

Type: sponsored top level domain (sTLD)

Country: United States

Implementation Date: 1985

Managing Authority: General Services Administration (GSA)

Registry Provider: General Services Administration (GSA)

.gov is the short form of word government and original Top-Level-Domain in the DNS’ root zone. It is restricted to the US government agencies that are the reason why it is considered as sponsored top-level-domain and administrated by the General Services Administration (GSA). 

What Does .mil Mean?

Type: gTLD

Country: International

Implementation Date: 1985

Managing Authority: DISA

Registry Provider: DISA

.mil is derived from military and one of the original TLDs created in January 1985. It is managed by the Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) to operate command & control information sharing to support national leaders, soldiers and other coalition partners.  

What Does .info Mean?

Type: gTLD

Country: International

Implementation Date: May 11, 2001

Managing Authority: Afilias

Registry Provider: Afilias

The explosive growth of the internet has brought great and amazing opportunities for the people but it has also some challenges. One of the major challenges was the high demand for domain names and more space required on the internet for sharing the information between individuals, businesses or organizations. So, the info domain extension was created to satisfy the global need for domain names without any particular registration requirements. .info is a generic top-level-domain derived from “information” and managed by the Afilias. 

What Does .name Mean?

Type: gTLD

Country: International

Implementation Date: November, 2000

Managing Authority: Verisign

Registry Provider: Verisign

.name is a gTLD in the DNS of the internet and intended for use by individuals to represent their personal names, nicknames, screen names to denote their websites, blogs, profession, or other types of identifications.

What Does .me Mean?

Type: Open ccTLD

Country: Montenegro and International

Implementation Date: 2007

Managing Authority: doMEn

Registry Provider: doMEn

.me is the ccTLD (country code top-level domain) for Montenegro and open registration for personal name extension, social media users, and other companies. .me is also the fastest growing TLD in Europe, the second most popular TLD for start-ups after .com and registered within 200 countries worldwide. 

What Does .tv Mean?

Type: Open ccTLD

Country: Tuvalu and Entities involved in television etc. 

Implementation Date: 1996

Managing Authority: .tv Corporation International

Registry Provider: Verisign

.tv is the country code top-level domain (ccTLD) assigned to the Polynesian island nation of Tuvalu and all entities involved in film, television, animation, video-related websites, etc. It is operated by the .tv corporation international which a subsidiary of Verisign and known as the common abbreviation for “television”. 

What Does .us Mean?

Type: ccTLD

Country: USA

Implementation Date: 1985

Managing Authority: DOC (Department of Commerce) 

Registry Provider: Neustar

.us also a country code top-level domain (ccTLD) used for the United States and operated by the department of commerce. Moreover, the DOC is also responsible for choosing the administrator for this particular domain suffix. It is not only created for state and local governments but other private entities are also able to register .us domain names. 

What Does .mobi Mean?

Type: sTLD

Country: International

Implementation Date: 2005 – 2006

Managing Authority: dotMobi (a fully-owned subsidiary of Afilias)

Registry Provider: mTLD Top Level Domain Ltd

.mobi is the sponsored top-level-domain dedicatedly used for the websites optimized access by the smartphone and other mobile devices. This TLD is managed by dotMobi (mTLD Top Level Domain Ltd) which is a fully-owned subsidiary of Afilias. dotMobi was originally founded through the investment of major companies involved in mobile technology and communication. 

Domain Suffixes (ccTLDs) of Countries Around the World

Domain SuffixCountry
.adAndorra
.aeUnited Arab Emirates
.agAntigua and Barbuda
.aiAnguilla
.alAlbania
.amArmenia
.arArgentina
.atAustria
.auAustralia
.awAruba
.baBosnia-Herzegovina
.beBelgium
.bgBulgaria
.bhBahrain
.bmBermuda
.bnBrunei Darussalam
.boBolivia
.brBrazil
.bsBahamas
.bwBotswana
.byBelarus
.bzBelize
.caCanada
.chSwitzerland
.ciCote D’Ivoire (Ivory Coast)
.clChile
.cnChina
.coColombia
.crCosta Rica
.cuCuba
.cyCyprus
.czCzech Republic
.deGermany
.dkDenmark
.dmDominica
.doDominican Republic
.ecEcuador
.eeEstonia
.egEgypt
.esSpain
.etEthiopia
.fiFinland
.fjFiji
.fmMicronesia
.foFaroe Islands
.frFrance
.gbGreat Britain
.geGeorgia
.giGibraltar
.glGreenland
.grGreece
.gtGuatemala
.guGuam
.gyGuyana
.hkHong Kong
.hnHonduras
.hrCroatia
.huHungary
.idIndonesia
.ieIreland
.ilIsrael
.inIndia
.irIran
.isIceland
.itItaly
.jmJamaica
.joJordan
.jpJapan
.keKenya
.kgKyrgyzstan
.krKorea (South)
.kwKuwait
.kzKazakhstan
.lbLebanon
.lcSaint Lucia
.liLiechtenstein
.lkSri Lanka
.ltLithuania
.luLuxembourg
.lvLatvia
.maMorocco
.mcMonaco
.mdMoldova
.mkMacedonia
.mnMongolia
.moMacau
.mtMalta
.muMauritius
.mvMaldives
.mxMexico
.myMalaysia
.naNamibia
.ncNew Caledonia (French)
.ngNigeria
.niNicaragua
.nlNetherlands
.noNorway
.npNepal
.nuNiue
.nzNew Zealand
.omOman
.paPanama
.pePeru
.pfPolynesia (French)
.pgPapua New Guinea
.phPhilipines
.pkPakistan
.plPoland
.ptPortugal
.pyParaguay
.qaQatar
.roRomania
.ruRussian Federation
.saSaudi Arabia
.seSweden
.sgSingapore
.siSlovenia
.skSlovak Republic
.suUSSR (former)
.svEl Salvador
.thThailand
.tnTunisia
.trTurkey
.ttTrinidad and Tobago
.twTaiwan
.tzTanzania
.uaUkraine
.ugUganda
.ukUnited Kingdom
.usUnited States
.uyUruguay
.uzUzbekistan
.vaVatican City State
.veVenezuela
.viVirgin Islands (USA)
.vnVietnam
.wsWestern Samoa (commonly used for “website”)
.yeYemen
.yuYugoslavia
.zaSouth Africa
.zmZambia
.zwZimbabwe

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