Types Of Cyber Security: Navigating The Cyber Security Landscape

8 min read

In this modern technological era, practically every corporation or organization is concerned about cyber security. Every organization has a considerable risk of losing crucial data due to severe cyber-attacks. Data is critical to every business or organization because it holds sensitive client and staff information. As a result, comprehending cyber security architecture and different types of cyber security is becoming increasingly important. Hackers are becoming more common worldwide, causing significant data loss for organizations.

Cyber security risks are omnipresent, and the incidence of cyberattacks increases year after year. Meanwhile, customers are becoming more aware of cybersecurity risks and expect better performance from the companies with whom they do business. Consumers share this feeling, and policymakers attempt to respond with more severe data privacy regulations.

Keep exploring and reading this fantastic blog to learn about the different cyber security types and their applications.

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security encompasses protecting a business, its personnel, and its resources against cyber-attacks. Moreover, as cyberattacks become more widespread and sophisticated and business networks become more complicated, a broader range of cyber safety measures are needed to manage corporate cyber risk.

Additionally, cyber security is securing internet-connected systems, including computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic networks, and information, against hostile assaults. Moreover, we may separate Cyber security into two distinct components: cyber and security. Cyber refers to technology encompassing systems, networks, applications, and data. Security involves the protection of networks, systems, programs, and data.

Why Do We Need Cyber Security?

Cyber security is significant because the government, corporations, and medical institutions collect, process, and store a considerable quantity of data on computers and other properties, such as personal information, and exposing this confidential data could have adverse effects.

Types of Cyber Security officially began in 1972 with a research study on the ARPANET initiative (The Advanced Research Projects Agency’s Network), a forerunner to the internet. ARPANET designed standards for remote computer connections. For example, if we purchase on a retailer’s website and exchange information such as our email address, address, and payment card data, we will have a faster and more convenient purchasing experience.

The necessary data is subsequently kept on a server. One day, we received an email stating that we were eligible for a special discount coupon from XXXXX (the hacker uses a well-known website name such as Flipkart, Amazon, etc.) to get the coupon code. We will be directed to fill out the details before using our saved card account credentials. Then, our data will also be shared because we believe it was merely an account for the verification phase, and they will have the opportunity to withdraw a significant sum of money from our account.

Also Read: Safe Web Browsing: Defending Against Phishing Attacks

That is why Cyber Security offers services like a Security Gateway to keep information more secure; hackers nowadays are sophisticated. We can’t guarantee that the data maintained on my devices is protected from outside attacks. With cybercrime on the rise, we must implement cyber security measures in our personal and professional lives.

What are the Top 5 Types of Cyber Security?

Here are the different cybersecurity categories that you must know if you have any interest in learning more about cyber security:

Application Security

Application security safeguards against illegal access and use of apps and associated data. Because most vulnerabilities are created during the creation and publishing phases, application security encompasses a wide range of cybersecurity solutions to assist in identifying defects that might be exploited and alerting teams so that they are promptly fixed.

Despite the most significant attempts, defects can seep through the gaps. Application security is also beneficial in protecting against these vulnerabilities. Nowadays, application security entails protecting automation technologies, focusing on all applications and their faults, and bringing this form of security evaluation to the pinnacle of Cyber security strategy creation.

There is more to consider regarding APPSEC than ever before, yet with a high-quality application security strategy and a reliable group of Cyber security specialists, your firm can remain ahead of the APPSEC risk curve.

Network Security

Network security encompasses software and hardware technologies that protect you from several dangers.

It serves as a barrier between network traffic and harmful activity. As an organization, you want to safeguard your network so that you can consistently supply services to satisfy the needs of your staff and consumers. In general, it is protecting your company’s reputation. It is one of the best types of cyber security.

The following are the categories of network security:

  • Firewall: This might be hardware, software, or both. A firewall serves as a barrier between your trustworthy internal and external networks.
  • Email security: Email is one of the most typical routes for a security compromise. Email security avoids inbound assaults and the loss of critical data.
  • Antivirus and anti-malware software: Anti-malware tools detect malware on the entrance, monitor files for abnormalities, and delete them to prevent further damage.
  • App security: Your business’s apps may include vulnerabilities that allow hackers to access and attack your network. Application security addresses these weaknesses and avoids breaches.
  • Data Loss Prevention: As an entrepreneur, you want to ensure your employees don’t transfer important information beyond your network. DLP stops users from sharing, downloading, or dangerously transmitting sensitive data.

Also Read: Security Cloud Data With VPS: Securing Cloud Data Assets With VPS

Cloud Security

Cloud security is becoming an increasingly important part of cyber security. It is a type of computer security that defends cloud assistance services from harmful assaults.

However, almost everyone today uses cloud technology, which carries the danger of cloud-based attacks. As enterprises progressively utilize cloud computing, cloud security becomes a top issue. Moreover, a cloud security strategy consists of cyber security remedies, control systems, policies, and services that assist in safeguarding an organization’s whole cloud deployment (programs, data, infrastructure, etc.) against attack.

While numerous cloud service providers provide security solutions, they are generally insufficient to achieve enterprise-level safety in the cloud. Additional third-party solutions are mandatory to guard against hacking and targeted assaults in cloud settings.

Zero Trust

The conventional security paradigm is perimeter-focused, with walls around a company’s key assets like a castle. However, this technique has significant drawbacks, including the risk of insider attacks and the quick disintegration of the network boundary.

Zero trust security uses a more granular approach, securing individual resources by a mix of micro-segmentation, evaluation, and role-based access restrictions.

Internet of Things (IoT) Security

As we grow increasingly interconnected and reliant on smart gadgets in our homes, companies, and public areas, these systems must be protected from hostile actors.

But what precisely does IoT security entail?

IoT security safeguards your internet-connected devices and networks from potential cyber-attacks. At its heart, IoT security is safeguarding the data that travels between each device that has a link. This sort of cyber security analyzes incoming risks, identifies dangers, and addresses security flaws that might jeopardize your systems. This method might involve everything from mobile phones to smart automobiles.

Businesses like yours must invest in improving cyber security and understand more about the difficulties that your sector faces to deploy the most effective solutions. To achieve this efficiently, you will need a variety of tactics, such as user authentication processes, anti-malware software, systems for intrusion detection, and device patching regularly. You may also need to create different types of cyber security policies that specify who has access to certain data points or parts of the network.

What are the Different Types of Cyber Security Applications?

What are the Different Types of Cyber Security Applications

Cybersecurity threats evolve, and enterprises must address them. When new security measures are built to address more current attacks, intruders respond by developing new tools and strategies to compromise security. Your organization’s security is only as sturdy as its weakest link. You must have various cyber security resources and tactics to protect your data and systems. Here are a few significant applications of Cyber security:

Also Read: Top 43 Cyber Security Tools to Improve Your Network Security

  • Network Security Surveillance

Constant network monitoring is looking for signs of malicious or invasive activity. It is frequently used with additional safety solutions, including antivirus applications, firewalls, and intrusion detection systems. Network security monitoring can be done manually or automatically utilizing the software.

  • Compliance and Investigations

These types of Cyber security are helpful in the investigation of suspicious circumstances. It also helps to maintain and adhere to rules.

  • Security for Software Development

The program helps spot software problems as they are being built and ensures that rules and norms are followed. Cyber security tools rigorously test, scan, and evaluate software to detect any faults, flaws, or vulnerabilities that hackers or rival organizations may use.

  • Identification & Access Control (IAM)

The management decides who gets access to some regions of the data. Management determines who can access information, networks, and computer networks. This is where Cyber security enters the picture by identifying people and implementing access controls. Several cyber security applications ensure IAM throughout a company. IAM may be implemented in hardware and software, and it frequently uses role-based access control (RBAC) to restrict access to certain system parts.

  • Software Security

Application security protects critical applications used in business operations. It includes controls such as code signing and app allowlisting, file-sharing permissions, and multiple-factor authentication, which may help you unify your security policies. With artificial intelligence in Cyber security, software security is likely to improve.

  • Risk Management

Cyber security includes risk administration, data integrity, education on security awareness, and risk analysis. Risk appraisal and control over potential harm are vital parts of risk control. Data security also addresses the safety of sensitive information.

  • Plan for Catastrophe Recovery and Business Continuity

Data recovery allows businesses to continue operations during data loss, attacks, or disasters. This application provides models or strategies that may assist companies in dealing with profound data loss by performing frequent data backups and investing in a system that allows business operations to continue. Thus, the use of cybersecurity ensures company continuity.

  • Physical Security

Physical security methods include system locks, intruder detection systems, notifications, surveillance systems, and data destruction systems. These help firms safeguard their IT infrastructure.

  • Security Against DDoS

Cyber security helps to provide a mitigation method to cope with DDoS. It sends traffic through additional cloud-based services, resolving the issue.

  • Securing Critical Systems

Cyber security helps to avoid attacks on large servers connected to wide-area networks. It follows industry-standard, stringent safety requirements, requiring users to take Cyber security steps to protect their devices. It monitors all programs in real-time and periodically assesses network security, computers, and users.


Cybercrime, targets, and attack tactics continue to grow and evolve, becoming more complex with time. However, the good news is that various types of Cyber security options exist for battling cybercriminals. Understanding the dangers and weaknesses may help businesses determine the best combination of security measures and deployment methodologies.

However, over the next ten years, cybersecurity will evolve to address several issues.

Moreover, ransomware is a significant cause of concern. This is a profitable industry for attackers, and Cyber security needs to evolve to prevent a broader range of ransomware operations.

Attacks against major organizations, particularly those involving USB devices, will surely increase over the next ten years. However, these will compel businesses to combine Cyber security with ERM integration.

To tackle these obstacles and the increasing number of assaults, cybersecurity teams will need to include more automation in their defensive plans, which may save time while improving detection and mitigation accuracy.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What Are The Five Types Of Cyber Security?

Here are the five types of cyber security:

  • Critical infrastructure security.
  • Application security.
  • Network security.
  • Cloud security.
  • Internet of Things (IoT) security. 

Q#2 What Are The 4 C’s Security?

You can conceive of security layers. The four C’s of Cloud Native cyber security are Cloud, Clusters, Containers, and Code. The Cloud Native cyber security model’s layers build on one another. Moreover, the Code layer has advantages over robust foundation security components (Cloud, Cluster, and Container).

Q#3 What Is Dad In Cyber Security?

The antithesis of the CIA is DAD. This represents disclosure, alterations, and destruction. Disclosure is the reverse of secrecy. So, if your data is disclosed to me or a hacker, you have not yet met the goal of confidentiality.

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