Hacking is like a horrifying nightmare for any website owner. The hacker on your website can not just steal your information or data but it can also get into your servers. In this digital era, as the number of websites is increasing every day, the threats of hacking are also raising. Although doing online business has a lot of opportunities to grow but the risks of data breaches are also very high. In this article, I am going to share with you some valuable tips to prevent and mitigate the hacking on your website.
No matter, your website is big or small, you are always prone to almost all type hacks. You never know when an anonymous hacker gets into your website and steal confidential information by using some hacking tools. Bear in mind, if you want to grow your online business then you need to take some measures to prevent your site from hackers and if you are already been hacked then here, you will get some useful information to mitigate the risks of hacking. The hacking preventions and security protection techniques will make your site more secure and there will be fewer chances that some black hat hacker finds you or misuse your data.
Before discussing the preventions for hacking, let me explains the reasons that can make your website more accessible to hackers.
Table of Contents
Mistakes that Cause Hacking
Most of the new businesses, while making their website are not very much concern about security. They just install some security app or plugins and think, they are secure. Most of the hackers target small or new businesses because they are an easy target and not have enough security information. Here are some of the most common mistakes made by website owners that would allow an easy web hacker access to your site.
Vulnerable Web Applications
The developer must make the web applications more protected by effectively managing the input controls. Most of the times hackers use different input control like quotation marks as an escape character. The poor implementation of input validation controls is one of the major sources of hacking used by the hacker to inject your code. Other than injecting your code, the hacker can also do XSS, IDOR, SQL injection, and file inclusion that can cause severe damage to your resources.
The DNS is basically the manipulation of IP resolution data cached on the DNS servers. In this world of the internet, security system implementation is becoming very complex. In the case of DNS poisoning, the hacks on your website are very difficult to detect and the hackers can access data such as cookies, login details or credit details. You should keep your information up-to-date to prevent any possible issues created by DNS poisoning.
CMS Or Web Server
One of the most common ways used by hackers to get into your website is by using the program passwords. You might think, it is a foolish thing but most of the people place their admin interfaces in easily accessible folders. Yes, your default passwords can be found easily on the search engine and your site password hacker can get into your systems and resources. This is why, it is recommended to keep your passwords stronger and in a combination of alphabets, numbers and symbols. You might hear about the Instagram password cracker or WIFI cracker, these are some of the online hacking tools to hack Instagram.
Shared Hosting on The Same Server
If you are using some cheap web hosting services or you are sharing the same servers for hosting your website then there are more chances that it would be hacked by some web hacker. The hacker can easily access your web servers with IP addresses. The hackers can get your data by using any typical search engine such as Bing.
The null software is the easiest way for the hacker to get into your system. If you are buying any third-party software such as WordPress, Joomla, there are chances that these software’s are nulled and it has some backdoor for hacking the websites. When you get some paid services from the third party, there are a lot of chances that it has some cracked software.
When it comes to doing online business, you should not approach the untrusted websites because it can prove worse for your site. Most of the people look for cheap web hosting services and unfortunately, cheaper means less trustworthy. The cheap web hosting services are the best opportunity for the website security hackers to get into your system and access your resources.
Using Insecure Protocols
Have you heard about FTP? It is one of the oldest ways of server data uploading. The FTP also supports the SSL encryption, but still, many servers are using old FTP method for transferring and uploading the data. It is really insecure for your websites because it transfers the login information of the person in the simple text without using any encryption method. If you are using an FTP server then you are a very easy target for the hacker. It is better to use some modern protocols that are more secured such as SSH2.
Not using Two-Factor Authentication
It is an advanced password protection layer to make your site more secure. Guessing the password is the most likely and easiest way for any hacker to get into your website. So, you have to make your password secured enough to be guessed by any hacker. The Two-faced authentication allows you to confirm that only you are accessing your private servers and if someone knows your username and password, he will still not get into your system. By doing the 2FA, the hacker will be locked up and would not access your site.
Preventions to Avoid Hacking
Keep Software Up-to-Date
Keep updating your software more often will keep your website safe and protected. It is one of the basic rules for hacking prevention. You have to update your operating system, software or any other site CMS. Most of the web hosting providing companies also offer the security solutions to client and in case of managed cloud hosting, you don’t have to worry about the security updates in your software and operating system because it is all managed by the web hosting providers.
There are many online developers’ tools available such as npm, Composer, or RubyGems that you can use to fill the security patches on your system and software. You might be late in updating your system but the hackers are always active and they keep looking for the thousands of websites with security vulnerabilities, if they find the one, they immediately get into it. so, if you are really concern about your online business and want to make it secure then updating everything is the key.
Make Strong Passwords
We all know how important it is to make the password complex, so it would be hard for online account hacker to get into your website. For your servers and website, the password should be very strong, so the password hacker could not guess your password. You must notice that most of the social media platforms have a standard for the password like it should be long and a combination of alphabets, numbers and symbols. A strong password helps you to avoid hacking on your social media or any other online accounts.
Now, most of the websites use the encrypted values to save the password by using SHA algorithm. Doing this further improve the security of your website. Many of the hackers use dictionary attack for social hacking and this tool also helps them to guess the possible combinations until it finds the right one. To avoid the password hacking on your account you can use different CMSes that offer the user management services and also has some built-in features for site security. .NET is a good option that provides many security features to the clients and it also provides built-in password setups and login controls. Most of the people take strong password warning for granted, even the Mark Zuckerberg was not concerned about the password strength that allows someone to hack Facebook account and he realized the importance of strong passwords after hacked. So, you can say that most of the people do not take the strength of password seriously.
From now, you must keep your password strength high. You can use online tools like “How Secure Is My Password” that would help you to analysis your password strength.
When the hacker wants to get into your database by using your URL, it is known as SQL injection. For the individuals, who are using the standard Transact SQL, there are more chances that some hacker rogue code in the query to get into your database. You can implement the parameterized query in your web language to prevent any SQL injection on your website. You need to shield your site against the SQL injection attacks. Since 2015, the number of SQL injection attacks on websites has increased rapidly.
Be very conscious about the information that you gave to your users in error messages. Try to provide the minimum error to users because there are chances that they might leak the confidential data that can cause you a major security issue. Never give details of your confidential data to the user because it might result in severe attacks on your systems like SQL injections etc. Just provide the necessary information to the users and keep your error details in the server logs.
Use Of HTTPS
Use HTTPS to get complete site security over the internet. The HTTPS evaluate the user behaviour on the servers and it also makes sure that no one is interrupting your content and resources. To deliver confidential information such as login pages or credit cards to the user, it is recommended to use the HTTPS. Once the attacker gets the user authorization on your website, it would be easier for him to damage your resources. On your website, these kinds of attacks are normally prevented by using the HTTPS.
Install Security Applications
There are many online security applications available that are mostly free to use. You can install these security applications on your system to make your site more protected. Although this kind of online tools is not as effective as full-blown WAF, something is better than nothing. You might hear about the Acunetix WP Security, this is an online security plugin that will keep the identity of your website CMS confidential. Using this tool will make your website more resilient against the hacking. You should be careful about the WordPress plugins because it has a lot of vulnerabilities. So, it can be said that the online security application is major source of protection for your website and it also adds an extra shield of protection on site.
In the online world, everything is very uncertain and you should be ready for all types of risks. To be one the safe side, keep the backup of your data and resources, so in case of any mishap or disaster, your data would not a loss. Keep the offsite backup of your files, by doing this whenever a user on your website saves a file, it should back up on other locations. More frequent your backups are the less data you will lose on hard drive failure. You must know that all hard drives will fail eventually.
Don’t Allow File Uploads
Be very careful about the uploads on your websites because you never know if any file you are uploading on your site contains some malicious script that will allow the hackers to get into your website and have access to your personal data and information. If your website allowing the users to upload the files then it is very important to carefully evaluate the uploaded file. You cannot even trust the extensions of the files because even the images can be used to write any malicious code. To avoid this problem, you should not allow direct access of file to your website. Whenever a user uploads a file, it should be saved in a separate folder outside the website. For accessing these files in the folders, you can write a script.
One of the most secure files uploading and transport methods are SSH or SFTP. It is recommended to keep your database on a separate server from the web servers, it would not only improve scalability, reduce the dependency of resources but also make your database more secure and protected. Most of the service providers on internet deny or allow the uploading of the files depending on the location of the users. You can allow or block the uploading of file from specific countries. I would recommend to not directly allowing the uploading of files on the website to prevent the computer hackers to get into your systems.
Website Vulnerability Scanners
I will recommend you to invest more in website vulnerability scanners because they would help you to identify any technical weakness on your website. It also helps you identify; which weaknesses of your website can risk SQL injections and what can cause the XSS attacks on your website. When choosing any scanner for your website make sure that it is effective enough to do the Cross-site Scripting. Make sure that your scanner is up-to-date and it will be effective over a period of time, for this, you have to update it more frequently. The scanner should have an expert team to detect any suspicious activity on the website. It can be said that the scanner is a very effective tool to deal with the vulnerabilities on websites.
The weaknesses of the website should be eliminated as soon as they are detected, otherwise, the hackers are always in search of weak websites to access their data. The vulnerable sites also allow some sort of control to the attackers. Some of the major vulnerabilities of the websites are privilege elevation, unauthorized data access, denial of service, identity spoofing, SQL Injection, URL manipulation and data manipulation. Some of the most effective vulnerability scanners available are Paessler network PRTG vulnerability monitoring, SolarWinds network setup manager, ManageEngine vulnerability manager plus, retina network scanner community and Microsoft baseline security analyzer, etc.
Enable Two-Factor Authentication
To make your online account more secure and protected from hackers, the Two-Factor Authentication is an effective tool that uses different component for allowing access to the account. For example, if you enter the right password, a confirmation message will be sent to your phone or email. This feature is used to create a hassle for the hacker if he knows your password. So, if the hacker already knows the Facebook password, he has to hack Gmail account for confirming his access to the Facebook account of a person.
To keep your social media accounts safe and protected, you can enable the Two-Factor Authentication on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and LinkedIn accounts.
Hacking Mitigation Techniques
In the above section, we shared some of the most beneficial and effective ways to prevent hacking on your website and social media accounts. Now here, I am going to share with you, some of the techniques and tips for the mitigation for the hacked website.
In case, you suspect any sort of hacking on your website, the first step is to scan your website. There are many ways to scan your website; one is application scanner and another method is the application level scanner. The purpose of both types of scanting is different from each other and you can use both of them to get more effective results. Some of the application level scanners that you can use to scan the web applications are GOTMLS, Quettera, WordFence, and Sucuri. Some remote base scanners, you can use are Sitecheck, VirusTotal, Cloaked Link Checker and Aw-Snap.
By using these scanners, you can scan the local environment of your website. During this scan on your website, you can detect all types of issues on your website for example, if some hacker is running trojans or any other source of attacks can be detected that can cause serious damage to your website and they might also get into your website as a site owner.
You must have an anti-virus scan on your machine. Some of the viruses are smart enough to detect any anti-virus software on the website, so you should try different AV software on your website.
Check Your Service Provider
If you are using a shared hosting service then the hacking on one system can impact the whole network. You should approach your hosting service provider and ask him if there is a hacking issue on the network or the loss of services is causing the disturbance on the network. Most of the hackers also use the email blacklisting. The email blacklist authorities are flagging IP addresses of the websites that are linked with the servers used by the email. In this case, you should find some email providers to fulfil your business needs.
Be Careful Website Blacklists
Google blacklists suspicious websites daily. It is estimated that Google blacklists almost 9,500 to 10,000 websites every day. Google sends a different kind of warnings to keep the user away from some activities and you might notice the warnings on the SERPs of Google. To avoid any backlisting, you should register your website on any webmaster consoles such as Google Search Console, Yandex Webmaster, Bing Webmaster and Norton Webmaster, etc.
Improve your Access Controls
You should change your passwords more often to avoid cybersecurity-related problems. For the beginners, it is recommended to use the long and more complex passwords. You can also use some password generating apps like LastPass and 1Password. You have to make a change in every point of access to your website, for example, WP-Admin, MySQL, SFTP / FTP, cPanel, etc. While determining the access to your resources, you should clearly define all of the users and their level of access on your website. It is highly recommended to use the Multi-Factor authentication system on your websites or other social media accounts to ensure more security. There are enormous plugins available that can be used to manage your access control.
Reset all Access
If you think your website is hacked then you should the first lockup the thing on your website to minimize the damage. You need to reset all of the access controls on your website. First of all, you have to reset the user passwords by setting a global password to reorganize access control, specifically the admin access. iThemes Security and Force Strong Passwords are the plugins that you can use in this matter. If you are using WordPress, you should update the keys to the WordPress configuration. In the WordPress key generator, you can create a new set. Here, you can overwrite the old values with the new ones. By doing this, all of the users who were previously logged in the system will be logged off.
Create a Backup
You should remember that your online business is always prone to hacking and it is very important for you to make a backup of your website. It is a major source to perform the operations and moving forward in your business. When it comes to back up your website, you can also contact your hosting service providers to check whether they are offering any backup service. It is crucial to do the timely backup of your files and database to be on the safe side. During the whole process of cleanup, you also need to take a snap of your environment.
Eliminating the Hack
How to detect the hack on your site? It is frequently asked the question because most of the time people associate the loss of service or other issues on the website with hacking. For detecting hack on the website, you first have to check the files and code on the website. The .htaccess files, .php files and media files are important and you should check them first. These three files are most commonly misused by hackers to hack programming language of the website. Try to make your file folders as clean as possible. The malicious code of hackers can be embedded in these files, so it is very important to check these files more often to detect the hack.
If you detected the hack on any one of these files, you have to clean up all of the files that contain the malicious code. You also need to reinstall the software because this code might damage the other resources of the website. In the resetting phase of the website, you have to update all of the files. No matter what sort of infection your site has, you should update the index.php, header.php, footer.php and function.php files. There might be problems in one of these files but it can have an impact on other pages and files also.
Change the Passwords Again
Once you reinstalled each and every software on your website and your files are also updated, the next step is to reset the passwords of the site. The new passwords should be strong and complex. Changing the password would log off all users from the site and you have to send them a new password to gain access to the site again.
Try to make your websites secure and protect by using the different tool because the hacker group might have difficulty in hacking websites with more protection and security.
Test Your Site
You can hire a hacker to keep your website security level high and you can test your site security, by hiring a white hat hacker. The ethical hacking on your own site would allow you to get an idea about the security of your site and if there are some security deficiencies and weak points on your website, they can be eliminated immediately.
Being in the online business, you must know that your website can be hacked by some hacker or hacking team, so you should always be prepared for the worst. In this article, I have shared some of the most effective ways to prevent and mitigate the hacking on your site. you can also use SSL to reduce the security risks. The information shared in this article would help you to make your website strong to avoid hacking. I hope the information provided in this article is helpful. You can share your experience in this matter with us, in the comments section.