The DevOps field is rapidly expanding, attracting individuals from diverse backgrounds. It presents an exciting career that combines technology, philosophy, and management into one cohesive role. This article aims to provide an overview of what a DevOps engineer does, shed light on salary expectations, offer guidance on how to prepare for high-paying DevOps engineer jobs, highlight job availability trends in the industry, and outline the essential skills and requirements necessary to enter this profession.
In a typical organization, the development team is responsible for creating products, while the operations team takes charge of managing and maintaining these products. However, the concept of DevOps promotes collaboration between development and operations teams. This collaboration allows for the continuous delivery of applications and services to end-users.
When the development team completes the product, it is immediately transitioned to the maintenance and management phases. This allows for a swift release to end-users, ensuring minimal delays.
In today’s IT landscape, DevOps engineers play a pivotal role as the connective force that keeps different departments working seamlessly. They empower organizations to deliver projects with enhanced speed and efficiency.
The growth becomes evident in the financial aspect. Even though the DevOps market had a value of $4 billion in 2019, experts anticipate that it will skyrocket to $17 billion by 2026. As a result, there is an exponential increase in demand for skilled DevOps engineers worldwide.
Table of Contents
What Is DevOps?
DevOps encompasses various practices, tools, and approaches that aid in the efficient management of software development and IT projects.
The term “DevOps” is derived from the combination of “development” and “operations”. It was initially coined by Patrick Debois for the 2009 conference called DevOps Days. During this event, Debois introduced DevOps as an alternative approach aimed at assisting developers in delivering projects more efficiently through meticulous management and continuous delivery.
The concept of DevOps involves the collaboration of individuals working together to conceive, build, and deliver secure software efficiently. By embracing DevOps practices, both development and operations teams can achieve accelerated delivery through automation, effective collaboration, prompt feedback, and continuous improvement.
A DevOps process is a result of adopting an Agile approach to software development. It expands on the cross-functional approach of building and shipping applications with greater speed and interactiveness. Moreover, by embracing a DevOps development process, organizations make a conscious decision to enhance the flow and value delivery of their applications. This entails fostering a more collaborative environment throughout all stages of the development cycle.
In addition, DevOps signifies a shift in the IT culture’s mindset. By building upon Agile, lean practices, and systems theory, DevOps emphasizes incremental development and swift software delivery. The key to success lies in establishing a culture that fosters accountability, improved collaboration, empathy, and shared responsibility toward achieving business objectives.
What Is a DevOps Engineer?
A DevOps engineer is an IT professional who possesses extensive knowledge of the software development lifecycle. They must understand the reasons behind organizational transitions, acknowledge the limitations of previous models, and recognize the advantages of implementing new approaches.
A DevOps engineer should possess knowledge of various automation tools to develop CI/CD pipelines. This particular role necessitates a specialized set of DevOps skills, which will be further explored later on.
In a CI/CD (continuous integration and continuous deployment) pipeline, there are several stages. The first stage involves planning, which includes the development of an algorithm for the product. Afterward, in the building stage, the algorithm is transformed into a usable product.
The product undergoes testing, a crucial stage where all bugs are identified and fixed. Subsequently, it proceeds to deployment, marking its introduction to end-users. Once deployed, continuous monitoring becomes essential—a relatively new concept incorporated into the DevOps lifecycle.
In addition, DevOps engineers place great emphasis on the monitoring stage, prioritizing it above all previous stages. The continuous monitoring of products is deemed essential in promptly identifying and resolving new issues, thereby ensuring utmost customer satisfaction post-deployment. Moreover, in the realm of DevOps engineer jobs, these professionals work closely alongside development and operations teams to efficiently deliver top-notch products that meet high-quality standards. we hope the concept of what is devops engineer is will now be clear.
To discover more about Essential DevOps Interview Questions and Answers that can help you secure a job, please click here.
Role and Responsibilities of a DevOps Engineer?
The day-to-day work life of a DevOps engineer is unique, with each developer undertaking diverse projects for companies that have varied approaches to DevOps. Despite these differences, most DevOps engineers share certain key responsibilities. These include:
1. Improve Infrastructure Efficiency
DevOps engineers actively seek out vulnerabilities in IT infrastructure and tirelessly strive to enhance them. Specifically, their expertise lies in devising innovative solutions that empower developers to work with greater efficiency, identifying flaws within software programs and adapting designs based on invaluable user feedback.
DevOps engineers, in their pursuit of a CI/CD approach, consistently strive to enhance the IT infrastructure by making continuous minor improvements.
2. Project Management
DevOps engineers often juggle multiple IT projects concurrently. In practical terms, they are responsible for organizing and conducting meetings, setting deadlines, communicating with team members, delegating tasks, assessing progress, providing guidance to colleagues, and offering input on project decisions. Additionally, DevOps engineers collaborate with users, management personnel, and developers during the system design phase.
3. Automation of Repetitive Tasks
DevOps engineers play a crucial role in streamlining processes by eliminating repetitive tasks involved in implementing new systems or updates. To illustrate, they might develop software plugins that empower developers to code more efficiently and accurately.
Moreover, DevOps engineering aims to enhance the efficiency of developers rather than replace them with automation. Their focus lies in implementing streamlined and expedited development solutions to improve overall productivity.
4. Optimizing Release Cycles
DevOps engineers streamline the system release cycle by reducing project or update timelines and optimizing resource allocation. They achieve this by eliminating time-consuming processes, prioritizing essential components in each release, and incorporating new software and tools when necessary.
5. Monitoring & Reporting Errors
DevOps engineers continuously monitor software and systems to promptly address system errors. Their main focus is reducing the time it takes to detect these errors and minimizing the time it takes to fix them (known as Time to Minimize or TTM). Besides, Some DevOps engineers manually resolve system errors, while others delegate this task to full-stack developers.
In-demand Skills For DevOps Engineer Jobs
1. Communication & Collaboration
In the realm of DevOps competition, effective communication and collaboration play a pivotal role in attaining success. These two aspects hold immense significance as they dismantle barriers between Dev and Ops teams, align team objectives with business goals, and foster a cross-functional implementation of the DevOps culture.
2. Soft Skills
It is insufficient to possess only coding and automation skills for DevOps. A successful DevOps professional should also excel in soft skills, self-motivation, flexibility, and continuous learning. They must be both proactive doers and attentive listeners.
Moreover, they should clearly understand that the DevOps transformation encompasses discussions with stakeholders, awareness of business goals, assessment, and identification of improvement areas. All these aspects are driven by collaboration.
3. Participation in Hiring
If individuals constitute the fundamental pillar of DevOps, then prioritizing the allocation of effort and resources towards recruitment becomes paramount.
A poorly chosen employee can have substantial financial implications for an engineering team, resulting in wasted time and potential setbacks to planned technical projects. Ensuring successful hiring practices is a responsibility shared across the organization, but engineers should seize any opportunity to gain experience in the recruitment and interview process. So, Participation in hiring is the most important DevOps engineer skill you must have.
4. Understanding Relevant Tools
DevOps success hinges on the toolset utilized throughout its implementation phases. The sheer number of tools introduced by DevOps is difficult to quantify. However, it is important to thoroughly discuss the significance of achieving success in DevOps.
5. Security Skills
The rate of risks often aligns with the speed of deployment facilitated by DevOps. With this constraint in mind, incorporating security at the end or as a separate process in the traditional method may not be effective. This is where DevSecOps provides an advantage, integrating security with SDLC right from the start.
Moreover, DevOps professionals can greatly benefit from possessing a DevSecOps skillset, which serves as an advantageous asset for achieving success.
6. Cloud Skills
Cloud and DevOps are inseparable partners, their efficiency intertwined and mutually influenced. The DevOps methodology propels the process forward, while the cloud provides the essential platform for testing, deploying, and releasing code.
The cloud has transformed the landscape of hosting and data centers, overtaking traditional providers. What used to be a time-consuming process involving physical server hardware now takes a fraction of the time with the cloud—days and hours rather than weeks or months.
However, these advantages pose a unique challenge for engineers who are more accustomed to traditional models. The cloud offers DevOps automation through the necessary CI/CD toolset and facilitates efficient resource monitoring.
DevOps Engineer Jobs Career Roadmap Steps
1. Learn Programming Languages
DevOps engineers play a crucial role in the software development process. Although they may not directly write source code, their responsibilities extend to integrating databases, debugging code from the development team, and automating various processes.
Besides, Automation serves as a key component of the DevOps lifecycle, enabling faster delivery, and here the DevOps engineer’s expertise comes into play to implement an effective automation strategy. Their involvement ensures seamless operations throughout the entire DevOps
Moreover, a DevOps engineer should possess knowledge of the programming languages utilized by their team. This understanding enables them to comprehend existing code, review new code effectively, and assist in debugging processes.
2. Learn Operating Systems
Operating systems (OSs) play a crucial role in the technology stack required for a DevOps team to operate smoothly. These OSs not only power the local machines that facilitate communication and task completion but also run the servers responsible for hosting the team’s deployed applications.
To become self-reliant in configuring servers, it is important to acquire proficiency in using the command line terminal rather than solely relying on the graphic user interface (GUI). The command line simplifies tasks that would otherwise require multiple mouse clicks in a GUI, and certain commands can only be executed through the terminal. Since operating systems vary, it is advisable to learn more than one.
3. Understanding Infrastructure as Code
Infrastructure as Code (IaC) simplifies infrastructure provisioning to support application deployment. It involves using template files to configure and manage networks, servers, and other infrastructure components according to your application’s specific requirements. Moreover, by automating this process, IaC enables faster deployments and updates.
4. Adop Continuous Deployment Tools (CI/CD)
Continuous Integration and Continuous Deployment (CI/CD) is a fundamental principle underlying DevOps. Moreover, It involves merging development and operations, along with constant iterations, to achieve efficient software delivery. To support this philosophy, DevOps teams rely on tools designed specifically for the DevOps lifecycle. These CI/CD tools facilitate various stages of the pipeline and automate processes and handoffs, allowing team members to focus on more critical tasks.
5. Reviewing Networking Security & Protocols
Web-based applications rely on protocols to transfer and receive information from users. This necessitates a comprehension of how protocols facilitate various types of requests.
Equally important is understanding the risks associated with these transfer methods and implementing measures to secure them. This safeguards your data and protects your application from unauthorized access. Moreover, Cybersecurity proficiency holds immense significance regardless of your role in the DevOps lifecycle.
6. Learn Cloud Design Patterns
Cloud design patterns encompass the philosophies that enable cloud applications to achieve scalability, reliability, and security. Understanding these patterns is just as crucial as comprehending cloud providers.
Cloud best practices offer numerous valuable lessons, such as addressing high latency. These principles can be applied to cloud-hosted applications and your development approach before deployment. For instance, it is crucial to back up your source code in a cloud-enabled repository to ensure accessibility even if local storage becomes unavailable.
In the realm of software engineering and delivery, the role of DevOps stands out for its diverse skill set requirements. A typical DevOps engineer handles operations, development, and project management daily.
Besides, DevOps, a rapidly evolving field, has seen the rising significance of DevOps engineers within businesses operating extensive and critical IT systems.
Moreover, DevOps engineer jobs are highly valuable due to their ability to oversee IT projects, optimize team performance, and accelerate the development lifecycle. Their expertise brings immense worth, making them an asset in any organization.
Additionally, the ability to work well within a larger organization is crucial for a successful DevOps culture, extending beyond mere technical skills. Engineers aspiring to contribute to this accomplishment should aim to possess the appropriate blend of abilities in their repertoire.