100+ Cyber Security Interview Questions and Answers in 2022

100+ Cyber Security Interview Questions and Answers
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Top 100 Cyber Security Interview Questions and Answers in 2022

According to the IBM Report, data breaches cost measured businesses $4.24 million per incident on average, the highest in the 17 years of history. However, the demand for cyber security professionals exceeded and created exciting job opportunities. So, I wrote this wonderful blog on Cyber security interview questions and answers for all those opportunity seekers who are willing to secure their future in a well-reputed organization as a cyber security analyst. 

This digital world enclosed by cyber-attacks requires fully trained and professional cyber security engineers to foresee, notice, and limit the possible threats by utilizing their best possible efforts. It is expected that the current number of open positions for network security engineers and analysts will triple over the coming five years. 

Clearing the cyber security questions in the interview is not as easy as you think, so it is recommended to fully prepare because more knowledge is required to handle sophisticated threats. 

Introduction to Cyber Security

Cybersecurity is a proactive method to safeguard computing devices connected to the internet, including personal computers, web hosting servers, handheld devices, electronic systems, IT networks, and data from malicious attacks. 

To understand, let’s break the word cybersecurity into two subparts: cyber and security. The term “cyber” points to a wide range of technology such as IT networks, data and computing systems. On the other hand, security is concerned with the protection of systems, IT networks, data and related applications. 

It is also known as electronic information security; that’s why beginners also search Information security viva questions and answers to prepare themselves for cybersecurity-related questions. 

It depends on the criteria of the companies either they can go with cyber security MCQ questions and answers, assign you a practical task to fix it within the allowed time or verbally ask you the technical questions. Download network security questions and answers pdf file and complete the theoretical part first. Visit different websites that offer online quizzes of interview questions on cyber security. 

What is Cyber Security? cyber security interview questions

In simple words, cybersecurity is the name of multiple techniques, methods, technologies, and practices to protect cyber-attacks, modification, theft or unauthorized access to any computing devices, programs, networks and data. 

Importance of Cyber Security

Our society is more technologically reliant than ever before in this digital era because the internet, computing devices, including laptops, tablets, and electronic gadgets and software programs, are essential parts of our daily lives. 

Whether you’re an individual, company or a multinational organization such as banking systems, hospitals and governments, you can never ignore the importance of computing to run your business activities. When they manipulate or store important data such as customers’ details, intellectual property, or credit card details are vulnerable to hackers, which could result in severe penalties. 

All businesses are already shifted on the internet or plan to maintain their presence and ROI value soon. But they have to implement vulnerability management techniques to secure their online business.  

There are many reasons that attackers (or hackers) steal the data; they can use this valuable information to sell it on the dark web, penetrate them for financial gain, political reasons, extortion or simply destruction. Whatever the reason is, you can implement tight networking security and follow proper guidelines to avoid security breaches. 

As online shopping is getting valued, every traditional business is shifted on the internet or planning to secure the presence within a couple of days. When businesses develop their web applications or software, they need to secure their confidential and clients’ data to maintain trust. They need network security experts to maintain their reputation in the market. So, the job ratio is increasing, but it is necessary to get the basic knowledge to get selected in any well-reputed organization. In this article, you will learn the most frequently asked cyber security interview questions and answers for newbies and experienced candidates.

As the trend of online shopping is getting valued, every traditional business is shifted on the internet or planning to secure the presence within a couple of days. When the businesses develop their web applications or software, they need to secure their confidential and clients’ data in order to maintain the trust-level. They need network security experts in order to maintain their reputation in the market. So, the job ratio is getting increased but it is necessary to get the basic knowledge for getting selected in any well-reputed organization. In this article, you will learn the most frequently asked cyber security interview questions and answers for newbies as well as experienced candidates.

Top 100 Cybersecurity Interview Questions and Answers

  1. What is cybersecurity?
  2. What are the fundamental elements of cybersecurity?
  3. What are the main advantages of cyber security?
  4. What Do You Means By Cryptography?
  5. What is Main Difference between IDS and IPS?
  6. Explain the CIA Model?
  7. Define The Firewall?
  8. What is Traceroute and How Can We Check It?
  9. What is the Difference between HIDS and NIDS?
  10. What is SSL and Why We Need To Use It?
  11. Define Data Leakage?
  12. What is brute force attack and How to prevent it?
  13. Define The Port Scanning?
  14. Enlist The Names of OSI Model Layers
  15. What is a VPN?
  16. Who are The Black Hat Hackers?
  17. Who are white hat hackers?
  18. Who are Grey Hat Hackers?
  19. How To Reset The Password-protected BIOS Configuration?
  20. Do You Know About MITM Attack?
  21. What is ARP and How it works?
  22. Define Botnet
  23. What are The Major Differences Between SSL and TLS?
  24. What is The Abbreviation of CSRF?
  25. What is 2FA? How To Implement It For A Public Website?
  26. What Is The Difference Between Asymmetric And Symmetric Encryption?
  27. XSS Stands For?
  28. Do You Know About WAF?
  29. What Is Hacking?
  30. Who Are The Hackers?
  31. What Is Network Sniffing?
  32. Why DNS Monitoring Is Important?
  33. What Is The Process Of Salting And Why It Is Used?
  34. What is SSH?
  35. Is SSL protocol enough For Network Security?
  36. Define Black Box Testing And White Box Testing?
  37. Explain Vulnerabilities In Network Security?
  38. What Is TCP Three-way handshake?
  39. What Is Residual Risk and How To Deal With it?
  40. Can You Define Exfiltration?
  41. Do You Know About Exploit in Network Security?
  42. What is Penetration Testing?
  43. Enlist The Most Common Cyber-Attacks?
  44. What is The Name Of Protocol That Broadcast The Information Across All The Devices?
  45. How Can We Protect Email Messages?
  46. What is Data Encryption and Why It Is Important In Network Security?
  47. What is The Main Difference Between Diffie-Hellman and RSA?
  48. What is The Remote Desktop Protocol?
  49. Do You Know About Forward Secrecy?
  50. Explain The Concept of IV in Encryption?
  51. What is The Difference Between Stream Cipher and Block Cipher?
  52. Enlist Some Examples of A Symmetric Encryption Algorithm?
  53. What is The Abbreviation of ECB and CBC?
  54. Can You Define Spyware?
  55. Do You Know About Impersonation?
  56. What is SRM?
  57. What is The Computer Virus?
  58. What Do You mean By Authenticode?
  59. Define CryptoAPI?
  60. What are The Steps To Secure Web Server?
  61. What is MBSA?
  62. What is Ethical Hacking?
  63. Explain Social Engineering and Enlist its Attacks?
  64. What is IP and MAC Addresses?
  65. What Do You mean By A Worm?
  66. What is The Difference Between Virus and Worm?
  67. Enlist Some Tools Used For Packet Sniffing?
  68. Do You Know About Anti-Virus Sensor Systems?
  69. What are The Types of Sniffing Attacks?
  70. Explain Distributed Denial-Of-Service Attack (DDoS)?
  71. What is The Concept Of Session Hijacking?
  72. What are The Different Methods Of Session Hijacking?
  73. Define Hacking Tools?
  74. What Are The Common Encryption Tools?
  75. Define Backdoor?
  76. Is it a Good Way To Send Login Credentials Through Email?
  77. What is The 80/20 Rule of Networking?
  78. What is WEP cracking?
  79. What are The WEP cracking tools?
  80. Define Security Auditing?
  81. What is Phishing?
  82. Can You Define Nano-Scale Encryption?
  83. What is Security Testing?
  84. What is Security Scanning?
  85. What are The Available Hacking Tools?
  86. What are The Disadvantages of Penetration Testing?
  87. What is Security Threat?
  88. What are Physical Threats?
  89. What are The Examples Of Non-Physical Threats?
  90. Do You Know About Trojan Virus?
  91. What is SQL Injection?
  92. Enlist Security Vulnerabilities As Per Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP)
  93. What is an Access Token?
  94. What is ARP Poisoning?
  95. Enlist the common types of non-physical threats:
  96. What is The Sequence of a TCP Connection?
  97. What is Nmap?
  98. What is The Use Of EtterPeak Tool?
  99. What are the types of cyber-attacks?
  100. List out web-based attacks
  101. Some examples of System-based attacks
  102. List out the types of cyber attackers

Cyber Security Interview Questions and Answers

1) What is Cyber Security?

Cyber security is the process of protecting hardware, software and data from hackers. The primary purpose of implementing these cyber security techniques is to protect against different cyberattacks such as changing, accessing or destroying sensitive data.

2) What are The Fundamental Elements of Cyber Security?

Following are the main elements of cyber security:

  • Information security
  • End-user education
  • Operational security
  • Application security
  • Network security
  • Business continuity planning

3) What are The Main Advantages of Cyber Security?

  • It protects the business against unauthorized access, including ransomware, social engineering, malware and phishing.
  • Protects end-users and improve the business continuity management
  • Improves stakeholder confidence
  • Provide adequate protection for both data as well as networks
  • Increase recovery time after any breach

4) What Do You Means By Cryptography?

Cryptography is the technique used to protect confidential information from third parties called adversaries. It allows both sender and receiver of any message to read its details.

5) What is The Main Difference between IDS and IPS?

As the name indicates, IDS (Intrusion Detection System) detects intrusions, and an administrator prevents the intrusion carefully. In the IPS (Intrusion Prevention System), the system finds the intrusion and prevents it for better protection.

6) Explain The CIA Model?

CIA Model: Confidentiality, Integrity, Availability

CIA (Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability) is a common model to develop a security policy. It consists of the following concepts:

  • Confidentiality: Ensure the confidential and private data is accessed only by the authorized users
  • Integrity: It means the information is in the right format
  • Availability: Ensure the data and other required resources are available to those users who need them

7) Define The Firewall?

In simple words, the firewall is a network security device that is mainly designed to monitor incoming and outgoing traffic and blocks data based on the security rules. Firewalls are considered the best option to protect the network from worms, malware, viruses, remote access and content filtering.

8) What is Traceroute and How Can We Check It?

Traceroute is the network diagnostic tool used to track the real path of any data packet on an IP address from its source to destination. It reports all IP addresses of routers and records the time taken for each hop. Traceroute is mostly used to check out the connection breaks to identify the point of failure.

Go to command prompt (cmd), write “tracert”, and enter any domain name after a single space, as you can view in the picture given below:

How to check traceroute using tracert

9) What is The Difference between HIDS and NIDS?

Parameter HIDS NIDS
Usage Detect the intrusions Used for the network
Monitoring It monitors suspicious system activities and traffic of any specific device. It monitors the traffic of all devices on the network
Performance Must be installed on every host It can monitor multiple hosts at a time

10) What is SSL and Why We Need To Use It?

SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) is a technology used to create encrypted connections between web servers and browsers. It is now compulsory for every website to be ranked on the first page of google and is commonly used to protect online transactions, users’ data, and digital payments.

11) Define Data Leakage?

It is the name of unauthorized data transmission from a network (within the organization) to an external network or destination. Data leakage can occur via email, optical media, USB keys or laptops.

12) What is The Brute Force Attack and How to Prevent it?

The brute force attack is trial-and-error to guess login information, encryption keys, or PIN. In this case, hackers make all the possible ways and try to guess the credentials one by one. Brute force attacks are automated and use a password dictionary that contains millions of words that can be used as a password. So, you can try to minimize the brute force risk by adopting the following ways:

  • Set password length
  • Use a complex password
  • Set limits on login failures

13) Define Port Scanning?

Port scanning is the name of identification of the open ports and services available on any particular host. So, attackers use this technique to find out information for malicious purposes.

14) Enlist The Names of OSI Model Layers

OSI Model Layers

There are seven layers of OSI Model:

  1. Physical Layer
  2. Data Link Layer
  3. Network Layer
  4. Transport Layer
  5. Session Layer
  6. Presentation Layer
  7. Application Layer

15) What is a VPN?

VPN (Virtual Private Network) is a network connection method used to create a secure and encrypted connection. VPN protects you from snooping, censorship and interference. Virtual Private Networks secure the public internet connection with the help of encryption techniques and provide shielding to your online activity from cybercriminals and even your Internet Service Provider.

16) Who are The Black Hat Hackers?

Black hat hackers are those people who have good knowledge of breaching network security, and they can generate malware for personal financial gain or malicious activities. They are clever and break into a network to modify or destroy data and are unavailable for authorized users.

Ethical Hacker, White hat hacker, Gray hat hacker, black hat hacker

17) Who are White Hat Hackers?

White hat hackers are also known as security specialists specializing in penetration testing and help the organization protect their confidential and secure information from attackers. In other words, you can also call them ethical hackers who perform hacking activities to improve the network security. If you want to become an ethical hacker, you need to go through cyber security interview questions and answers to grab a golden opportunity.

18) Who are Grey Hat Hackers?

It is the combination of white and black hat hacking techniques in which the grey hat hackers sometimes violate ethical standards, but they don’t have any malicious intent.

19) How To Reset The Password-protected BIOS Configuration?

There are different ways to reset the BIOS password, but a few of them are given below:

  • Remove CMOS battery
  • By utilizing the software
  • Using a motherboard jumper
  • By utilizing MS-DOS

20) Do You Know About MITM Attack?

MITM, Man in the middle attack

MITM (Man In The Middle) is an attack where the attacker intercepts the communication between two networks or persons. MITM is working on the primary intent to access confidential information.

21) What is ARP and How it works?

ARP is a protocol that works as an interface between the OSI network and OSI link layer and is used to find out the MAC address associated with the IPv4 address. What does ARP Stands for in Accenture: Robotics Process Automation – Accenture.

22) Define Botnet

A botnet is the number of internet-connected devices like laptops, servers, IoT, mobile devices, and PCs controlled or infected by malware.

23) What are The Major Differences Between SSL and TLS?

TLS is a secure channel between two clients, whereas SSL helps track the person we communicate with because it verifies the sender’s identity.

24) What is The Abbreviation of CSRF?

Cross-Site Request Forgery

25) What is 2FA? How To Implement It For A Public Website?

2FA stands for two-factor authentication, and it is a security process used to identify the person accessing an online account. The user will get access after giving evidence to the authentication device.

26) What Is The Difference Between Asymmetric And Symmetric Encryption?

Asymmetric encryption uses a different key for encryption and decryption, whereas symmetric requires the same key for both encryption and decryption.

27) XSS Stands For?

cross-site scripting

28) Do You Know About WAF?

Web Application Firewall

A web Application Firewall (WAF) is used to protect the application by filtering and monitoring all incoming and outgoing traffic between the application and the internet.

29) What is Hacking?

Hacking is a technique used to discover weaknesses in the private network or computer to exploit its weaknesses and gain access. In simple words, it is the name of using password cracking techniques to gain access to the system.

30) Who are The Hackers?

Hackers are those people who find and exploit the weakness in any network or computing device to gain access. They are experienced programmers with a great knowledge of computer security.

31) What is Network Sniffing?

Network sniffing

It is a tool to analyze data packets sent over a network using specialized software and hardware equipment. Sniffing can be used for:

  • Capturing sensitive and confidential data such as password
  • Eavesdropping on chat messages
  • Monitoring data package over a network

32) Why Is DNS Monitoring Important?

Newly registered domains are easily infected with malicious software, so the DNS monitoring tools identify malware.

33) What Is The Process Of Salting And Why It Is Used?

Salting is a process in which passwords length is extended using special characters. To use it more efficiently, you need to understand the entire mechanism of salting. It is an efficient way to safeguard your passwords because it also prevents attackers from testing known words across the system. For example, (“QxLUF1bgIAdeQX”) is added to each password to protect passwords.

34) What is SSH?

Secure Socket Shell (also known as Secure Shell) is a utility suite that the system administrators use to secure access to the data on a network.

35) Is SSL Protocol enough For Network Security?

SSL is not an all-in-one security solution because it does not provide security once the data is transferred to the server. So, it is a proactive approach to use server-side encryption and hashing to protect against any data breach. For advanced study, you may consider searching cryptography and network security viva questions to be a successful network security engineer.

36) Define Black Box Testing And White Box Testing?

white box testing vs black box testing
  • Black box testing is a software testing technique in which an application’s internal structure or program code is hidden.
  • White box testing: It is a software testing way the tester knows the internal structure or program.

37) Explain Vulnerabilities In Network Security?

Vulnerabilities refer to any weak point in the applications or software code that an attacker can exploit. It is commonly found in SaaS (Software as a Service) applications.

38) What Is TCP Three-way handshake?

The three-way handshake is the process of connecting localhost and severs in the network. This process requires the client and server to exchange the synchronization and acknowledgement packets before communicating data.

39) What Is Residual Risk and How To Deal With It?

Residual risk

Residual risk is a threat that balances the risk exposure after eliminating threats, so we can deal with the risk by choosing the following ways:

  1. Reduce it
  2. Avoid it
  3. Accept it

40) Can You Define Exfiltration?

It is the name of unauthorized data transfer from a computer system. Anyone with physical access to computing devices may carry this transmission out.

41) Do You Know About Exploit in Network Security?

It is a method used by hackers to access data in an unauthorized way. Exploit is incorporated into malware.

42) What is Penetration Testing?

Penetration testing is the name of checking exploitable vulnerabilities on the target. It is used to augment the web application firewall in web security.

43) Enlist The Most Common Cyber-Attacks?

Common types of cyber attacks

When preparing cyber security interview questions and answers, consider the commonly used cyber-attacks. Following are the popular types of cyber-attacks:

  • Malware
  • Phishing
  • Password attacks
  • DDoS
  • Man-in-the-middle
  • Drive-by downloads
  • Rogue software
  • Malvertising (malicious advertising)

44) What is The Name Of Protocol That Broadcast The Information Across All The Devices?

IGMP (Internet Group Management Protocol) is a communication protocol used in gaming or video streaming and facilitates communication devices, including routers, to send packets.

45) How Can We Protect Email Messages?

Cipher algorithm is highly recommended to protect email, credit card information and confidential data.

46) What is Data Encryption and Why It Is Important In Network Security?

Data encryption is a technique used to secure the data by converting it into code. So, only authorized users can access this code or converted form of data. It is important for network security because your data can be breached at any stage in the network if it is not encrypted. In the cyber security interview questions and answers, your most questions should be on the encryption and decryption techniques and secure the network.

47) What is The Main Difference Between Diffie-Hellman and RSA?

Diffie-Helman is a protocol used whenever the key is exchanged between two parties, and RSA is an encryption algorithm that takes the keys (public and private) to do the encryption and decryption.

48) What is The Remote Desktop Protocol?

Microsoft developed RDP and provides GUI (graphical user interface) to connect two devices over a network. The user will use RDP client software to get successful communication, and other devices must run RDP server software. RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol) is dedicatedly designed for remote management and virtual access applications, computers, or terminal servers.

49) Do You Know About Forward Secrecy?

Forward secrecy is a security measure used to confirm the integrity of the unique session key if long term key is compromised.

50) Explain The Concept of IV in Encryption?

IV (Initial Vector) is an arbitrary number used to ensure that identical text is encrypted to different ciphertexts. The encryption program uses an IV program only once per session. The preparation of cyber security interview questions and answers is highly recommended if you’re seriously willing to secure your job in a well reputed firm.

51) What is The Difference Between Stream Cipher and Block Cipher?

Stream cipher
Block cipher
Parameter Stream Cipher Block Cipher
Working Operates on small plaintext Works on large data blocks
Code requirements Less code required More code required
Usage of keys Only once Reuse of key is possible
Application Secure Socket layer File encryption and database
Usage Used to implement hardware Used to implement software

52) Enlist Some Examples of A Symmetric Encryption Algorithm?

Following are the examples of symmetric encryption algorithm:

  • RCx
  • Rijndael (AES)
  • DES
  • Blowfish

53) What is The Abbreviation of ECB and CBC?

ECB stands for Electronic Codebook, and CBC stands for Cipher Block Chaining.

54) Can You Define Spyware?

It is a type of malware used to steal data about the company or person. Spyware can damage the computer system of companies or organizations.

55) Do You Know About Impersonation?

Yes, it is a mechanism used to assign the user account to an unknown user.

56) What is SRM?

SRM (Security Reference Monitor) is a Microsoft Windows system used to implement security in windows. It determines whether access to a resource is allowed or not. MSFT Access Token is used for the verification of all user actions.

57) What is The Computer Virus?

It is malicious software executed on the system without users’ consent and consumes computing resources such as CPU time and memory. In some special cases, this malicious software changes other computer programs and inserts its code to harm the computer system. Different computer viruses may be used to:

  • Access user ID and passwords
  • Corrupt data in the computer
  • Log the users’ keystrokes
  • Show annoying messages

58) What Do You mean By Authenticode?

It is a technology used to identify the publisher of Authenticode sign software. With the help of Authenticode, every user can verify that software is genuine or contains any malicious program.

59) Define CryptoAPI?

As the name indicates, CryptoAPI collects encryption APIs that allow the developers to create a project on a protected and secure network.

60) What are The Steps To Secure Web Server?

Following are the simple steps to secure your web server:

  • Update the ownership of the file
  • Keep your webserver up-to-date
  • Disable all extra modules
  • Delete default scripts

61) What is MBSA?

Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA) is a graphical and command-line interface that finds missing security updates and misconfigurations.

62) What is Ethical Hacking?

It is a type of hacking in which attackers understand the weak points and improve overall security. Ethical hackers get the help of different tools and fix vulnerabilities of computers or networks.

63) Explain Social Engineering and Enlist its Attacks?

The term social engineering is used to convince people to reveal confidential information, and it has three types: Human-based, mobile-based and computer-based.

  • Human-based attack: Attackers may pretend to be a genuine user who requests higher authority to reveal the organization’s confidential information.
  • Computer-based attack: In this type of attack, attackers send fake emails to harm the computer and ask them to forward such emails.
  • Mobile-based attack: They may send SMS to others and collect private information. If any user downloads a malicious application, it can be misused to grant access to confidential information.

64) What is IP and MAC Addresses?

IP address stands for Internet Protocol address and uniquely identifies any computer or other devices such as printers, storage disks on a computer network.

MAC address stands for Media Access Control address used to uniquely identify network interfaces for proper communication at the physical layer.

65) What Do You mean By A Worm?

The worm is malware that replicates from one computer to another.

66) What is The Difference Between Virus and Worm?

Parameter ` Virus Virus
How they infect? The virus inserts malicious code into a particular program or file Worm is attached in Instant messages or email copies
Dependency It needs a host program to work There is no need for any host to function correctly
Linked with Virus is linked with .com, .xls, .exe, .doc, and others The worm is linked with any file on a network
Affecting speed It is slower than worm It is faster as compared to virus

67) Enlist Some Tools Used For Packet Sniffing?

Following tools are used for packet sniffing:

  • Tcpdump
  • Kismet
  • Wireshark
  • NetworkMiner
  • Dsniff

68) Do You Know About Anti-Virus Sensor Systems?

Yes, it is a tool used to identify, prevent, or remove viruses present in computing devices. Anti-virus sensor systems perform system checks and increase the computer’s security regularly.

69) What are The Types of Sniffing Attacks?

Following are the types of sniffing attacks:

  • Protocol Sniffing
  • LAN Sniffing
  • ARP Sniffing
  • TCP Session stealing
  • Web password sniffing
  • Application-level sniffing

70) Explain Distributed Denial-Of-Service Attack (DDoS)?

It is a type of attack in which a malicious actor aims to render a computer, server, or network resource to its intended users. In other words, it is a process of disrupting the normal traffic of a targeted server by overwhelming the target.

71) What is The Concept Of Session Hijacking?

TCP session hijacking is the name of misusing a valid compute session. The most common method of hijacking is IP spoofing, and attackers use IP packets to insert a command between two network nodes.

72) What are The Different Methods Of Session Hijacking?

Following are the common methods of session hijacking:

  • IP Spoofing
  • Blind Attack
  • Using packet Sniffers
  • Cross-Site Scripting (XSS Attack)

73) Define Hacking Tools?

Hacking tools are programming scripts and computer programs useful for finding and exploiting the weaknesses in computer systems, servers, networks or web applications. Many tools are available in the market, both free and paid solutions for commercial use.

74) What are The Common Encryption Tools?

Following are the most common encryption tools:

  • RSA
  • AES
  • Twofish
  • Triple DES

75) Define Backdoor?

Backdoor term is used when a security mechanism is bypassed to access a system by adopting malware technique.

What is Backdoor

76) Is it a Good Way To Send Login Credentials Through Email?

No, sending your login credential through email is not recommended because there are solid chances of email attacks.

77) What is The 80/20 Rule of Networking?

This networking rule is defined based on network traffic, in which 80% of all network traffic should remain local while 20% of traffic should be routed towards a permanent VPN.

78) What is WEP Cracking?

WEP cracking is a method used for a security breach in wireless networks. Mainly, it is categorized into two types: Active cracking and Passive cracking.

79) What are The WEP cracking tools?

Following tools are commonly used in WEP cracking:

  • Aircrack
  • Kismet
  • WEPCrack
  • WebDecrypt

80) Define Security Auditing?

It is the internal inspection of operating systems and software applications for security flaws.

The audit can be done through line-by-line code inspection.

81) What is Phishing?

Phishing is a technique used to obtain confidential information such as username, password or credit card information.

82) Can You Define Nano-Scale Encryption?

Nano-scale encryption is a research area that provides robust security to computers and prevents attacks.

83) What is Security Testing?

It is a type of software testing that ensures the applications and systems are free from any vulnerabilities, risks or threats that may cause a big loss.

84) What is Security Scanning?

Security scanning is the name of identifying network and system weaknesses to provide solutions for reducing these risks. It can be done for both manuals as well as automated scanning.

85) What are The Available Hacking Tools?

Here is a list of useful hacking tools:

  • Acunetix
  • Burp Suite
  • Savvius
  • Probably
  • Netsparker
  • WebInspect
  • Angry IP scanner

86) What are The Disadvantages of Penetration Testing?

Following are the main disadvantages of testing:

  • Corruption and data loss
  • Higher downtime increases costs
  • It cannot find all vulnerabilities available in the system
  • There are many limitations such as budget, time, scope and skills of testers

87) What is Security Threat?

It is a risk that can steal confidential data and harm computer systems, networks, and organizations.

88) What are Physical Threats?

It is known as a potential cause of any incident that may result in physical damage to your network or compute systems.

89) What are The Examples Of Non-Physical Threats?

Following are the common examples of non-physical threats:

  • Loss of confidential information
  • Corruption or loss of system data
  • Cyber Security Breaches
  • Disrupt business operations
  • Illegal monitoring of activities on computing devices

90) Do You Know About Trojan Virus?

It is a type of malware used to gain access to any computer using social engineering techniques to execute the trojan virus on the system.

91) What is SQL Injection?

SQL injection is an attack that poisons malicious SQL statements to the database by taking advantage of poorly designed web applications.

92) Enlist Security Vulnerabilities As Per Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP)

Following are the security vulnerabilities as per OWASP:

  • SQL Injection
  • Cross-site request forgery
  • Insecure cryptographic storage
  • Failure to restrict URL access
  • Insufficient transport layer protection
  • Unvalidated redirects and forwards
  • Broken authentication and session management

93) What is an Access Token?

An access token is a credential that is used by a system to verify whether the API should be granted to any particular object or not.

94) What is ARP Poisoning?

What is ARP Poisoning / Spoofing

Address Resolution Protocol poisoning is a type of attack in which the IP address is converted to the physical address on a network device. The host will send an ARP broadcast, and all receivers respond with their physical addresses. In other words, ARP poisoning is the name of sending fake addresses to the switch to associate the fake addresses with the IP address of a computer connected to the network and hijack the traffic.

95) Enlist The Common Types of Non-Physical Threats:

Following are the common types of non-physical threats:

  • Trojans
  • Adware
  • Worms
  • Spyware
  • DoS Attack
  • Distributed DoS Attacks
  • Virus
  • Key loggers
  • Phishing
  • Unauthorized access to computer systems resources

96) What is The Sequence of a TCP Connection?

The sequence of a TCP connection (also known as a 3-way handshake) is SYN SYN-ACK ACK.

97) What is Nmap?

Nmap is a network scanning tool that uses IP packets to identify all the connected devices and deliver information on the operating systems they are running.

98) What is The Use Of EtterPeak Tool?

It is a network analysis tool used to sniff packets of network traffic.

99) What are The Types of Cyber-Attacks?

Mainly, there are two types of cyber-attacks: web-based and system-based attacks.

100) List Out Web-based Attacks

Common web-based attacks are SQL injection, Brute Force attack, Phishing, DNS Spoofing, DoS and Dictionary attacks.

101) Some examples of System-based Attacks

Following are the examples of system-based attacks:

  • Virus
  • Backdoors
  • Bots
  • Worm

102) List Out The Types of Cyber Attackers

Mainly, there are four types of cyber attackers: Cybercriminals, Hacktivists, Insider threats, and State-sponsored attackers.

Final Words

Thank you for reading this lengthy blog, I would love to add your cyber security interview questions provided in the comment section and appreciate your valuable feedback. Best of Luck.

7 thoughts on

100+ Cyber Security Interview Questions and Answers in 2022

  • Sanjay Mishra

    This is really great information. Thanks for the great tips…

  • S Mishra

    This is a very useful post thanks for sharing your ideas…

  • Jagannath Barman

    I was searching for such information. Thanks for sharing such a helpful post.

  • J Barman

    Thank you for sharing this great information.

  • JBarman

    I’m really impressed with your ideas. Thank you for sharing with us…

  • Charmin Patel

    Thanks for sharing awesome list.

  • Yasmin Amran

    question:
    The protocol is changed as follows:
    1. session resumption is canceled
    2. client must identify himself by certificate
    3. The server side is the one who creates the pre_master_secret.
    4. client and server ill always Send version 1.
    5. In ServerHello and ClientHelllo the sid is not sent.
    6. In Msg1 the client always sends his certificate
    7. In Msg2 the server creates pre_master_secret and sends the client the server_key_exchange
    8. Msg Msg3 of the client is canclesd, Instead, right after Msg2 the server sends the FinishedServer that include encryption and signature on both msgs.

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